Essential Frailty Toolset

  • Administration time: 10 minutes
  • Requires cognitive and physical performance tests and laboratory tests
  • Predicts mortality after transcatheter and surgical aortic valve replacement

1. Gender

2. Select the type of aortic valve replacement:

3. Chair stands

Measure time (seconds) to complete 5 chair stands (range: 1 to 60 seconds).

4. Cognitive Impairment:

5. Anemia

6. Hypoalbuminemia

Key references

  • Afilalo J, Lauck S, Kim DH, Lefèvre T, Piazza N, Lachapelle K, Martucci G, Lamy A, Labinaz M, Peterson MD, Arora RC, Noiseux N, Rassi A, Palacios IF, Généreux P, Lindman BR, Asgar AW, Kim CA, Trnkus A, Morais JA, Langlois Y, Rudski LG, Morin JF, Popma JJ, Webb JG, Perrault LP. Frailty in Older Adults Undergoing Aortic Valve Replacement: The FRAILTY-AVR Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Aug 8;70(6):689-700. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.06.024. Epub 2017 Jul 7. PMID: 28693934.
  • Frailty Tool. Rapidly evaluate frailty and individualize care for your patient.
    Available at:
  • Contact: Jonathan Afilalo (@FrailtyMD)

Alternative tools to Essential Frailty Toolset

Clinical Frailty Scale

Frailty Phenotype