Vulnerable Elder Survey-13

  • Administration time: 5 minutes
  • Relies on self-report only
  • Measures physical frailty

1. Age

“What is your age?”

2. Self-rated health

“How would you rate your health in general?”

3. Physical function

“Do you have difficulty with the following activities (Check all that apply)?”

4. Activities of daily living

“Because of your health or physical condition, do you need help with the following activities (Check all that apply)?”

Key references

  • Saliba D, Elliott M, Rubenstein LZ, Solomon DH, Young RT, Kamberg CJ, Roth C, MacLean CH, Shekelle PG, Sloss EM, Wenger NS. The Vulnerable Elders Survey: a tool for identifying vulnerable older people in the community. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Dec;49(12):1691-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.49281.x. PMID: 11844005.
  • Min LC, Elliott MN, Wenger NS, Saliba D. Higher vulnerable elders survey scores predict death and functional decline in vulnerable older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Mar;54(3):507-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.00615.x. PMID: 16551321.

Alternative tools to VES-13

Clinical Frailty Scale


SOF Index